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("Tape ARchive", following ar
general purpose archive
utility and the file format it uses.
it is now used more often for packaging files together on
other media, e.g. for distribution via the Internet
The resulting archive, a "tar file" (humourously, "tarball")
is often compressed, using gzip
or some other form of
There is a GNU
version of tar called gnutar
improvements over the standard versions.
: unregistered, but commonly application/x-tar