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Computing (FOLDOC) dictionary
Frame Relay
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communications A DTE-DCE interface specification based
version of LAPB (X.25 data link layer). A common
specification was produced by a consortium of StrataCom,
Cisco, Digital, and Northern Telecom.
Frame Relay is the result of wide area networking
requirements for speed; LAN-WAN and LAN-LAN
internetworking; "bursty" data communications; multiplicity
requirements can be met with technology such as opticalfibre lines, allowing higher speeds and fewer transmission
errors; intelligent network end devices (personal computers,
workstations, and servers); standardisation and adoption
of ISDN protocols. Frame Relay could connect dedicated lines
and X.25 to ATM, SMDS, BISDN and other "fast packet"
Frame Relay uses the same basic data link layer framing and
Frame Check Sequence so current X.25 hardware still works.
It adds addressing (a 10-bit Data Link Connection Identifier
(DLCI)) and a few control bits but does not include
retransmissions, link establishment, windows or error
recovery. It has none of X.25's session layer but adds some
simple interface management. Any network layer protocol can
be used over the data link layer Frames.