Search in: Word
Vietnamese keyboard: Off
Virtual keyboard: Show
Computing (FOLDOC) dictionary
Intel 486SX
Jump to user comments
processor An Intel 486DX microprocessor with its
floating-point unit disconnected. All 486SX chips were
fabricated with FPUs. If testing showed that the CPU was OK
but the FPU was defective, the FPU's power and bus connections
were destroyed with a laser and the chip was sold cheaper as
an SX, if the FPU worked it was sold as a DX.
[Was this true of all 486SX chips?]
Some systems, e.g. Aopen 486SX, allowed a DX to be plugged
into an expansion socket. A board jumper would disable the SX
which was hard to remove because it was surface mounted.
Some SX chips only had a 16-bit wide external data bus. The
DX has a pin to select the data bus width (16 or 32). On the
smaller SX, that line is hard-wired to 16 inside the
package. This is similar to the 286 SX, which was a 16-bit
processor with an 8-bit external data bus.
The Jargon File claimed that the SX was deliberately
disabled crippleware. The German computer magazine, "c't",
made this same theory the basis of an April Fools Joke.
They claimed that if one drilled a hole of a specified
diameter through the right point on a SX chip, this would
brake the circuit that disables the FPU. Some people actually
tried (and then bought themselves new processors).