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Computing (FOLDOC) dictionary (also found in English - English (Wordnet), English - Vietnamese)
Compact Disc Read-Only Memory
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storage (CD-ROM) A non-volatile optical data storage
medium using the same physical format as audio compactdiscs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive.
CD-ROM is popular for distribution of large databases,
software and especially multimedia applications. The
maximum capacity is about 600 megabytes. A CD can store
around 640 megabytes of data - about 12 billion bytes per
pound weight.
CD-ROM drives are rated with a speed factor relative to music
CDs (1x or 1-speed which gives a data transfer rate of 150
kilobytes per second). 12x drives were common in April
1997. Above 12x speed, there are problems with vibration and
heat. Constant angular velocity (CAV) drives give speeds up
to 20x but due to the nature of CAV the actual throughput
increase over 12x is less than 20/12.
20x was thought to be the maximum speed due to mechanical
constraints but on 1998-02-24, Samsung Electronics
introduced the SCR-3230, a 32x CD-ROM drive which uses a ball
bearing system to balance the spinning CD-ROM in the drive to
reduce noise.