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Computing (FOLDOC) dictionary
Deep Blue
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computer A super computer developed by researchers at IBM
to explore the use of parallel processing to solve complex
computing problems. It is known as the first computer to beat
the current chess World Grand Master.
Deep Blue started it's life as a PhD project at CarnegieMellon University by PhD students Feng-hsiung Hsu and Murray
Campbell. Chiptest, as it was known then, consisted of a
custom designed chip hosted in a Sun 3/160 computer.
The project moved over to IBM in 1989 when Hsu and Campbell
joined IBM. Deep Thought, as it was known by then, played
for the first time against Garry Kasparov in the same year.
The game of two matches was easily won by Kasparov.
The next match against Kasparov took place in February 1996.
By then the machine was again renamed, at that time it was
known as Deep Blue. It was also heavily re-engineered: it was
by then running on a 32-node RS/6000 cluster, each
containing 8 custom designed chips. Alas, Kasparov won again.