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Computing (FOLDOC) dictionary
Joint Photographic Experts Group
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image, body, file format, standard (JPEG) The original name
of the committee that designed the standard image
compression algorithm. JPEG is designed for compressing
either full-colour or grey-scale digital images of
"natural", real-world scenes. It does not work so well on
non-realistic images, such as cartoons or line drawings. JPEG
does not handle compression of black-and-white (1
bit-per-pixel) images or moving pictures. Standards for
compressing those types of images are being worked on by other
committees, named JBIG and MPEG.