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Computing (FOLDOC) dictionary
Manufacturer Resource Planning
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application (MRP II) A system based on MRP which allows
manufacturers to optimise materials, procurement,
manufacturing processes, etc., and provide financial and
planning reports.
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, manufacturers integrated
MRP and other manufacturing and business functions. This
renaissance is commonly known as Manufacturing Resource
Planning (MRP II). According to the American Production and
Inventory Control Society, Inc. (APICS), MRP II is a method
for the effective planning of all resources of a manufacturing
company. Ideally, it addresses operational planning in units,
financial planning in dollars, and has a simulation capability
to answer "what if" questions. It includes business planning,
sales and operations planning, production scheduling, material
requirements planning (MRP), capacity requirements planning,
and the execution support systems for capacity and material.
Output from these systems is integrated with financial reports
such as the business plan, purchase commitment report,
shipping budget, and inventory projections in dollars.
Manufacturing resource planning is a direct outgrowth and
extension of closed-loop MRP.