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Computing (FOLDOC) dictionary
graph colouring
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application A constraint-satisfaction problem often used
as a test case in research, which also turns out to be
equivalent to certain real-world problems (e.g. registerallocation). Given a connected graph and a fixed number of
colours, the problem is to assign a colour to each node,
subject to the constraint that any two connected nodes cannot
be assigned the same colour. This is an example of an
NP-complete problem.